Identifying the different types of printing is extremely difficult, there are many printing styles and services available. We are talking in context about the kinds of printing available today.
Digital Printing is when you reproduce a digital based image to print format, using a physical surface like paper, film, plastic, photographic paper or cloth. When dealing with high volume or larger format document, an inkjet printer could be used. The impressions made into the paper might differ all the time, not like where you have thousands of ideas of the same image. The ink or toner will not absorb into the paper, and it forms a layer on the surface.
Offset printing is a type of print that makes use of plates. These plates usually made from aluminium. In this technique the inked image is transferred from the plate to a rubber blanket, then rolled unto the sheet of paper. The word offset refers to the image not directly transferred to the medium from the start. The advantages of offset printing include: production of sharper pictures and type as the blanket conforms to the texture of the printing surface and consistently high image quality. It can also be known as Lithographic or Planographic depending on the method used.
This type of printing has been commonly called the modern version of the letterpress. It is also referred to as Flexobecause it was initially used to print onto corrugated cardboard. Flexography printing is mostly used for packaging. A master copy of the required image as a 3D relief is created out of polymer material and using this you can do a flexo print. An anilox roll or printing cylinder is then used to do the printing. Firstly the ink must be placed onto the surface of the printing plate.
The term letterpress refers to the direct imprint of ink media such as plates onto an open surface. It is printing text with movable type. The raised surface of the type is inked and then pressed against a receptive surface to obtain an image in reverse.
Screen printing creates sharp-edged images by making use of stencils. The screen consists of a finely woven fabric which stretches over an aluminium frame. A stencil is then used to block the images that need printing. People typically associate screen printing with creating garments. Thousands of items, including clocks and birthday cake designs and many other products, are printed using this print technique.
Graphic screen printing is used to create large batches of graphics as posters or display stands. You can also create full-colour prints. Screen printing is also known as Silk-screening or serigraphy. It can be used to print images on CDs. DVDs, ceramics, glass, T-shirts, paper, metals and wooden items.
This section served to inform you of the many types of printing used today. Every impression, meaningful, given to express the knowledge of those working the printing presses of our world.